Kentucky Dairy Facts
You might like to know some facts about Kentucky dairy cattle and dairy farmers.  Much of this information is covered on our farm tours.  We are proud to be a local dairy farm, produce your milk, and have a positive impact on the local economy.
  • In 2005 Kentucky had 1387 dairy farms that sell grade A milk
  • In 2011 Kentucky had 831 dairy farms
  • In 2005 there were 110,000 dairy cows in Kentucky.  Cow numbers have remained constant
  • Kentucky producers produce 1.4 Billion pounds of milk (162 Million Gallons) of milk
  • The average farm produces about 120,000 gallons of milk per year
  • Kentucky producers supply about 55% of the milk needed for consumers in Kentucky
  • Mature dairy cows weigh between 1000 and 1700 pounds
  • A new born calf weighs approximately 90 pounds
  • New born calves are kept with their mother generally for three days
  • For production and health reasons, the calves are raised individually after 3 days
  • A calf can grow and increase its body weight by about 2 pounds per day
  • At 15 months of age, the calf should weigh over 750 pounds
  • At 750 lbs. and 15 months of age, the heifer is mature enough to become pregnant
  • 24 months after birth, the newborn calf should be a mother with its own calf
  • The gestation period of a cow is 9 months
  • After about 40 days to recover from calving, the cow will be bred for her next calf
  • Cows are milked for 10 months then allowed to rest 2 months before her next calf comes
  • The average cow has about 3 calves in her lifetime
  • Some cows can live to be in excess of ten years old
  • Cows that no longer can become pregnant or produce milk generally go to market
  • Cows are ruminant animals with four stomachs
  • Ruminants grow microorganisms that digest high fiber low quality feed sources in their 1st stomach, the rumen
  • Microorganisms grown in the rumen become a high quality microbial protein food source digested in the next three stomachs of the cows
  • Because cows have a rumen, they are able to convert low quality food sources to high quality food sources such as milk and meat
  • Cows giving milk generally consume about 20 lbs. of grain and 60 lbs. of roughage daily
  • It costs between $6 and $8 to feed a cow daily, depending on her production and size
  • The average cow nationally produces about 8 gallons of milk daily
  • Some cows can produce over 15 gallons of milk per day
  • Dairy farmers currently receive about $18.50/cwt. or $1.57 for a gallon of 3.5% milk, which equals a gallon of skim milk plus 1/3 lb. of butter
  • Milk picked up at a dairy farm is sampled and checked for quality before it is bottled
  • Cows must be milked at least twice daily or they will become sick
  • It takes about 15 minutes for a cow to give all her milk
  • Most dairies have a nutritionist and veterinarian that visit the herd monthly to balance their ration and monitor the health of the cows



Bob & Angie Klingenfus     7401 Hanna Road   Crestwood, KY  40014       Phone: 502-817-3165      Email
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